Saturday, June 27, 2015

God’s own Pharmacy in your Garden – Phyllanthus



Phyllanthus in the garden, God's own Pharmacy

 
For long I have held the belief that every plant except for a few that are poisonous have some medicinal or food value, at times for humans and at other times for animals or insects. Mother earth takes care of all her children, human or animal. Plants that come to grow around your home and living area on their own are likely to have a special medicinal value for you personally, especially if you love nature. Some of the plants that come up in our garden are regarded as irritating weeds and we tend to pull them out. One such comes up often in my garden and I have been pulling it out for years although at the back of my mind has been the feeling that it is most likely a very useful medicinal one but not knowing its name it was hard to find that out.

So today morning finding time on my hands, I began searching google images for common garden weeds and it was not long before I discovered that this was a weed known as Phyllanthus. There are several varieties of it quite similar to each other such as Phyllanthus amarus and Phyllanthus urinaria and it seems from my initial search that the one in my garden is Phyllanthus amarus or P. Fraternus. I immediately snapped a picture of one growing in a rockery in a corner to attach to this note as shown. Further research showed that in Ayurveda system of medicine it is called Bhumiamalaki and it has been used as a very effective liver remedy that has also been used for clearing gall and bladder stones for centuries.

A further quick search, to my amazement revealed that this plant is one of the finest of medicinal herbs there is on the planet, a virtual pharmacy curing simultaneously a host of conditions from liver, kidney diseases, cancer and innumerable other diseases that are hard to cure with modern medicines,  while being a strong anti viral. If you find this unbelievable I shall list some of the scientific references before I wind up this article. It seems this weed grows in warmer parts of the world and would be found in southern parts of USA and Europe but not central and northern ones.

Phyllanthus urinaria is commonly called chamber bitter, gripe weed, shatter stone, stonebreaker or leaf flower, and is herb species in the family Phyllanthaceae. Some species i.e. P. Fraternus, P. amarus and P. urinaria, are closely related in appearance and appear to have similar medicinal value with some variations as regards specific diseases. In Thailand, they have the same local name (Look Tai Bai). All of them traditionally have been used for the treatment of many ailments such as gonorrhea, jaundice, diabetes and liver diseases. The anticancer activity of Phyllanthus species has also been documented. Similarly, P. urinaria has also been shown to possess cytotoxic activity against several cancer cells.

Check out the following reference if you are scientifically minded for that, 



To quote another reference, that has labeled this plant as anti viral penicillin


“The antiviral effects of Phyllanthus urinaria go hand in hand with a protective effect Phyllanthus urinaria has on liver cells. In Chinese and Indian traditional medicine, Phyllanthus urinaria has been used in the treatment of liver problems long before it has been known that hepatitis is a liver disease caused by viruses. The plant compounds that are responsible for the liver-protective benefits of Phyllanthus urinaria have since been identified. Hepatitis B is one of the major diseases inflicting the human population. Conventional treatment with interferon-alpha is very expensive and has many serious side effects. Alternative herbal medicine using extracts of Phyllanthus niruri (amarus) and Phyllanthus urinaria has been reported to be effective against hepatitis B and other viral infections. Aqueous extracts of P. niruri and P. urinaria protect cells from viral infection. In addition, they are not toxic to uninfected normal cells. These findings support clinical studies by others that regular intake of these herbal supplements may be beneficial for chronic hepatitis B patients." 


Well, after reading all this all I can say is that my garden is a virtual pharmacy of the gods. From now on, I shall not pull out this weed from reserved parts of the garden and from the parts I do, it shall be one by one, to chew up every morning.

Praise Mother Earth whose love overflows but her children often disregard it or out of their unending greed often try to hide it, even as cannabis another immensely beneficial herb for conditions that inflict the human mind was hidden under schedule I for years. 

Praise the Lord

Thursday, June 25, 2015

Natural vs. Chemical is Health vs. Cancer etc.





A staggering range of commonly used chemicals from insecticides to plastic and chemical additives to some common medicines and foods used even in very low quantities are likely to cause cancer. This was conclusion reached by a massive study involving 174 scientists from 28 countries. See this report.


The paper published in the cancer journal –Carcinogenesis published by oxford University press argues that dominant global approach towards finding out what causes cancer and what does not suffers from serious limitations. Calling the WHO’s International Program for food safety is compromised because it works in collaboration with International life science Institute whose members comprised largely from corporate interests from food and beverage, agricultural, chemical and pharmaceutical industries who may in fact be promoting the use of such chemicals rather than warn of their dangers.

While this study has been published only now because scientific research takes time, the followers of this blog have already been aware of such dangers for long because this blog has at all times depended not just on scientific knowledge but also mystic insights that come in a flash and has therefore been ahead of its times every now and then. Read an older article on the topic that has many useful and simple tips for everyone,  here:





Saturday, June 20, 2015

Earth Today - Five Countries in Heaven and Five in Hell



From the Municipality Fusch On Highway, Salzburger Land - Austria

 
There is much variation in the quality of life on our planet, from hell like conditions to heaven like conditions. At the present time if one went by the findings of IEP one might deduce that five countries are in Heaven. These five are Iceland, Denmark, Austria, New Zealand, and Switzerland. This conclusion is based on research by the Institute for economics and Peace, a Sydney based global non-profit institute. The same institute has also listed the five worst countries i.e. those that are most hell like – Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Central African Republic. There is another part of the world - Gaza -  where the situation is perhaps even more tragic than the worst of countries mentioned here but it does not figure in these lists because it does not have full recognition as a country and this discussion is based on classification as countries. However, whenever such findings are presented there is debate on the methodologies, bias and possibility of vested interests. Even non-profit organizations have to raise funds. Therefore this note will test and revise these findings somewhat based on independent considerations that do not require funding through a simple test as follows.

Infant Mortality Rates

The infant mortality rate of a country is a quick and sure way to assess the quality of life in a country. It is the cumulative effect of a lot of different things that make life what it is. A graph of the infant mortality rate of Austria is included below since this is one of the quick measures of quality of life in any country of the world. It shows the silent change that has been taking place in this country over the last past five decades. 



However referring to infant mortality rates of other countries we find that Japan and Sweden has even lower infant mortality rates (less than three deaths per thousand) but Japan has had severe disasters in recent years. However based on this data this author would tend to replace Switzerland in the list of five with Sweden.

There is another reason for not including Switzerland here and that is its extremely dark banking and commercial side that has benefited from the crooked and wicked of the world by helping them out. This is bound to rebound on them some day in future. Nations like individuals cannot escape their karma, whether it be good or whether it be bad.

On the other hand, Niger and Somalia have huge infant mortality rates, some of the highest in the world (more than 100 deaths per thousand) and one may add these countries to the list of hell like countries and could easily replace Afghanistan from the previous list by Somalia. Afghanistan also does not figure in the top ten list here of displaced persons and therefore definitely does not belong to the top ten hell destinations on earth but when Somalia is added instead then all our five chosen destination for a delightful holiday fit in :)

It may be mentioned that there are a whole lot of other countries with conditions close to the best or worst as mentioned here, that would fall within the top or bottom 10 (44 countries) or 20 percent (88 countries) but they have not been mentioned here simply because of the brevity of this note. The focus of the present note has been on the top and bottom five countries of the world (a total of less than 5%). America and India do not fall in top or bottom twenty percent either and are therefore safely away from the distinction of heaven or hell. America is one of the richest and most powerful countries on earth but it seems that just as the richest and most powerful individuals are not the most peaceful and happy ones on earth similar is the fate of nations. Since most readers to this blog are from USA and India it may be mentioned that USA is approximately fiftieth from the top with an infant mortality rate of approximately 6 per thousand and India fiftieth from the bottom with an infant mortality rate of around 46 per thousand, in a list of 220 countries based on 2012 data.

The single most heavenly country on Earth:

Image from: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Vorderhopfreben_%C3%9Cntschenspitze_1.jpg

If this blogger had to choose a single best location of the planet from even these five, it would be Austria because of the Alpine climate and landscapes, the second most beautiful in the world after Himalayas (The third would go to the Northern Andes). New Zealand would have been good too but then Austria has history, is better connected, has been more stable economically and has not had the tragic earthquake that shook Kiwi land recently.  The worst on the other hand would be presently Syria without any doubt.

Individual Variations

While we have described the average conditions in some of the nations of the world so far, the conditions of individuals within nations varies so that even in the best of nations there are some persons in misery and even in the worst of nations on earth such as Somalia or Syria a few have managed to find relative peace.

A Prison building in Austria

Thus even in Austria there are some in prisons and some homeless persons. Certainly there is a difference though. In Austria if a person is homeless he does not have to live in a card box. At the root of Austrian excellence is love and compassion for its needy citizens and they provide reasonably comfortable shelters so that a homeless person does not have to live under the bridge in a card board box or on the street with a bag or shopping cart. As regards prisons they are so comfortable and loving that although gruesome crime is rare in Austria, petty theft just to get to into one is not uncommon for a free five star holiday. The picture above is one of the Austrian prison in Styria. Nevertheless, some are distressed at their prison sentence or a stay in shelters as compared to others. There are also cases of domestic or public conflict at times that can make life far from peaceful. There was news of a conflict in a nude area where some persons entered without taking their clothes off and were unwilling to display their own stuff while enjoying the sight of breasts and dicks of others.

Similarly even in Syria some have refused to participate in violent conflict and succeeded in getting into peaceful corners with relative peace. It is not that they all support their present government but they do not support the use of violence and perhaps would have participated in a peaceful protest of the type Gandhi advocated, if there was one, for at their individual levels they realize that violence in the pursuit of self interest leads to hell and only when it is used in self defense it has any justification.

An individual may not change the world, unless that individual acts as an instrument of the Almighty, for major changes takes place by the will of the universe but an individual may change his own self and then the Universe works to create surroundings of peace for such a person. It is by inculcating the principles of love, truth and simplicity that one finds such peace not by acquiring wealth and power for that often leads one to distress too. When a majority in a nation do this the nation as a whole becomes like paradise but in the meantime individuals may find that paradise of their own if they so decide.

It was said that Major changes take place by the will of the universe. A time may come when a city is so broken down that the Divine Architect feels that the only way to restore it is to pull it down first and build a new one. Such a thing has happened before and may happen again on a planet wide scale if the conditions so demand. At the present time humans are passing through a very unusual period in their history with a huge near unsustainable populations of seven billions, rising wealth inequalities, millions of refugees, the imprisoning, maiming and bombing of the sweetest amongst them – children. Therefore, it is possible that in the eyes of the Universe a major overhaul is on the cards very soon. This author believes it is and more about that shall be found in this other note:

  

The Message

It must be noted that these things change with time and one country that was heaven like at one time may become hell like at another. An important factor that influences conditions in any country are the laws, rules and regulations as well as the systems created based on these laws for running the affairs of the country. No doubt, the character and nature of the population has an even greater impact but that is something that cannot change in a hurry but laws can change overnight. In designing laws other countries that are not so well off presently would do well to look at the practices of these five countries and then adapt them to their own countries with some modifications to suit local conditions and culture. That would be better than designing an independent faulty law, suffering from it and then changing it with another that might cause even more suffering.

On the other hand, is there a message for the best of countries too? For sure there is, they should look at the hellish countries and note how corruption, disorder and violence has ruined them. There was a time when some of them led human civilization while it was barbarians in skins in winter and in the buff in summer strutting their stuff around the Austrian Alps :). Therefore they must continue to work on enhancing values of love, truth and simplicity if they are to, not just maintain their heavenly status but enhance it even further. Incidentally there is still much nudity in Austria (see) as is there in my novel - Nude besides the lake - Nudity has been the mark of  both barbarians or paradise as in Athens or the mythical Eden.

As regards the worst off five countries, they need not look at the laws of other countries. Unfortunately, they are too far lost into hell now, in many cases not due to a fault of the majority of people of these countries, at least not from their present lives, but perhaps a few other men or few nations that might have pushed them into this state. The only thing that can bring peace to the people of these countries quickly and effectively is not a national law but a new international law called PHICS that has been described elsewhere and is in the public domain here,

When the situation becomes like hell in a country the people who suffer most are the most vulnerable beginning with children, aged and women. People are driven out of their homes and become refugees with very sad conditions, they are the homeless on the streets of the world and when such numbers become huge it becomes incumbent upon the world to do something to help fix the situation in their countries and help restore order. That is what the law termed as PHICS in the previous link is about. It provides a practical and workable low cost plan to restore order  and peace in the life of fellow humans in distress, many sweet children, just as sweet as our own, and many aged in as much need of help as our own aged loving mothers and fathers.






Top Image from:

Sunday, June 14, 2015

Antibiotic of gods – Silver



A banquet
 
Numerous herbs and trees on our planet provide us with food and medicine but has nature provided a wide spectrum natural antibiotic that does not have any major side effects when consumed internally by humans? That antibiotic appears to be silver - its atoms, ions and some of its compounds.

If the correct form, manner and dosage to consume this natural antibiotic can be discovered, it may be the most powerful one around with least harmful side effects. A way to measure the power and usefulness of an antibiotic is to rank it by the ratio of its positive and negative effects for while an antibiotic may kill harmful microbes in a human body, they also kill good ones and may have other harmful effects besides. In excess dosage silver can turn a person blue, a condition called Argyria, but that is better than losing an arm and a leg or bursting all over the body with a sore or allergy. One may call this ratio the power ratio of an antibiotic and it seems to be silver along with some of its compounds that have the highest potential power ratio based on the patchy historical information on it, and the side effects of silver in the ordinary course do not seem to be life threatening or severe The good bacteria lost in the gut is easily recovered in a few days after treatment in the natural course and sooner if one includes yoghurt, fruit juices and salads in the diet.

According to information on Wikipedia, a prominent case from ingestion of excess silver was that of Stan Jones candidate for the United States Senate in 2002 and 2006. The peculiar coloration of his skin was featured prominently in media coverage. Jones promised that he was not using his silvery complexion as a gimmick. He continues to promote the use of silver as a home remedy. He has said that his good health, excepting the unusual skin tone, is the result of his use of colloidal silver. In ancient human history one hears of famous blue kings and it is royalty that uses most silver some eating and drinking out of silver dishes and cups daily. Silver appears to have protected the European royalty and peerage from the bubonic plague without their realizing it.

While bacteria eventually mutate and develop resistance to modern antibiotics that they go on to share with their entire tribe, they have been unable to do so with silver for four billion years. Silver appears to destroy the very apparatus that helps a microbe to develop resistance before destroying the microbe. The question one may then ask is, while modern drug companies spend millions of dollars on discovering new antibiotics, why do they not do so with silver based antibiotics. The answer to that could be – profits. New antibiotics can be patented and profited from. Silver can not be patented. It has been around since the beginning of civilization.  Silver also appears to work against harmful viruses.

Silver has applications both for external and internal use but the form used is different for these two applications. Many may have had a silver solution placed in their eyes soon after birth to prevent infections including gonorrhea.  This practice began with the German Obstetrician Dr. K.S. F. Crede in 1884 at his university clinic in Leipzig.  Now, the application of these silver droplets seems to be required by law in the United States, Canada, Norway and Denmark. 

Dr. Harry Margraf of St. Louis, as the chief biochemist, worked with Dr. Moyer and other surgeons to find an antiseptic strong enough, yet safe to use over larger areas of the body such as those of burn victims.  Dr. Margraf reviewed 22 antiseptic compounds but found toxicity in every one of them.  His conclusions were that popular medical antiseptics could only be used in small areas of the body due to their high toxicity.  Dr. Moyer noted that many of these antibiotics were ineffective against a number of harmful bacteria, including the biggest killer in burn cases – a greenish blue bacterium called Pseudomonas acruginose.  UCLA medical lab researchers found silver to be effective on every virus they tested it on including Pseudomonas acruginose.  As a result of their extensive research, silver in colloidal form is now used in the majority of all major burn centers in the United States.  Silver ointment is also commonly prescribed by doctors for major and minor burns. 

Silver is considered to be one of the most universal antibiotic substances known to man. Jim Powell reported in the Science Digest (1978) that an antibiotic kills perhaps 7 different disease organisms, but silver has been found effective in killing some 650 strains of harmful bacteria and there must be many more that remain to be researched. Powell also reported that resistant strains of bacteria fail to develop from the use of Silver. Silver has potential for use internally and externally in its atomic or ionic form suspended in different liquids or as compounds proven to be safe for internal consumption in controlled quantities. Silver foil has been used for centuries to decorate expensive foods in south Asia and has been consumed by many for centuries as a very thin foil covering such foods.

A compound of silver (silver ash) has been a part of ancient Ayurveda and has been used for some of the most serious diseases that afflict humans for over two thousand year (see for example) Most surprisingly it has been used to cure some severe neurological diseases such as Parkinson's disease indicating that silver has applications beyond antibiotic and anti-viral use or that some of these neurological diseases are due to yet undiscovered viral or bacterial causes i.e. due to infection of brain. Some modern medical research is also reaching the same conclusion (see for example)

In the early 1900’s the antibacterial solution - Colloidal Silver was the choice of medical practitioners. It still remains a popular form for medical use of silver. However it does seem that there would be other preparation from silver that are easier to produce, store and use such as silver citrate in citric solution provided more research is done to verify that. In 1917, Dr. Malcom Morris reported that silver would rapidly subdue the inflammation of an enlarged prostate or an infected bladder or hemorrhoids.  In the same year, Dr. Alfred Searle demonstrated that colloidal silver was extremely deadly to parasites and bacteria but had no toxicity to the host animal, including humans. Up until the beginning the World War II, Colloidal Silver was used in medicine as one of antimicrobial treatment but after the invention of other antibiotics it has taken a back seat to drugs and manufactured antibiotics. The Pharma industry or researchers funded by them do not appear to be interested in testing and promoting its use.


In their early years, modern antibiotics were convenient, worked fast like magic, were low cost and widely available and use of silver receded. These early antibiotics did much good for controlling dangerous infections and alleviating pain of humanity, They still do. However, over the years the costs have increased as have profits of the companies that make them and antibiotics are no longer always as effective as some bacteria have developed resistance. Newer antibiotics have been introduced that can be patented for profit but some may be less safe than the early ones at least when prolonged use is required. There is a need now to test and develop the original antibiotic provided to life on the planet from the beginning - Silver - but as mentioned the drug industry does not appear to very interested in it. In some cases they may also have overlooked potential in this direction because while elemental silver and some common compounds cannot be patented there may be new ones yet to be discovered that can be. Perhaps that approach will become necessary in future to fight super bugs.

Water Purification

Ancient Greeks stored water in silver vessels to prevent spoilage and many civilizations have placed a silver coin in their water or milk barrels to protect them from bacteria and algae.

Silver could easily be used to dramatically reduce the tragic numbers of deaths caused by pathogen-contaminated drinking water. For example, in Mexico, where local water supplies are not always safe in rural areas, a colloidal silver product called Microdyn has been used for decades to help keep residents safe from contaminated drinking water. Its use is credited with a dramatic improvement in the health of the residents of the town of Cruz Azul, Lagunas, Oaxaca, Mexico, who for years had suffered rampant gastroenteritis. At the 0.025 milligram per liter (mg/liter) level of Microdyn silver (the United States Environmental Protection Agency suggested limit for silver in drinking water is 0. 100 mg/liter) water charged with 2,700 units per liter of the fecal E.Coli bacterium was completely sterilized in less than three hours. Chlorine to sterilize the same charge of bacterium over the same period of time required 40 times greater concentration. The antibacterial power of silver is so strong that Microdyn contains only 3,575 parts per billion of silver per liter, or less than 2 milligrams silver per liter-sized bottle.

At domestic level a very useful practice appears to be to place an object of pure silver in drinking water storage vessels. In rural India, and even in large parts of urban India, where water pollution is a serious problem, most homes store water in clay pots. Most homes also have silver ornaments. If they began leaving one in the pot a dramatic improvement in health is expected. This author stores drinking and cooking water in a large stainless steal container in the kitchen and has placed a small plate of pure silver permanently in it (sterling silver must not be used). The silver object should be large enough so that it is not lost in the drain or swallowed by mistake.

Antibiotic Use

The wide knowledge of this remarkable and natural antibiotic has the potential of eroding profits of the massively profitable drug industry.  Acceptance by the Food and Drug Administrations require years of documented research and costs millions.  Thus, the healing wonders of Silver remain virtually unknown to many modern humans and the most effective way to consume this as an antibiotic remains undiscovered by modern science. What we have instead in the modern age is various persons claiming their method as the best, at times driven by commercial interest, or incomplete historical knowledge is made use of. Since these methods are not fully tested in the modern environment they could be ineffective or even harm. In the meantime, pending a through development of the silver alternative, humans would have to continue to depend on available mainstream antibiotics in a majority of cases whenever the need arises.

It is therefore up to philanthropic organizations, university researchers or public organizations to carry out the research to determine the efficacy of using silver for different conditions. Information is required for the form of silver to use and dosage for different infections.

As with every other element, including the most common ones like sodium and potassium, some compounds of silver are healthy and some deadly, some soluble in water some insoluble. For example the chlorides of sodium and potassium are a normal part of food but the cyanides of the same elements are deadly poisons, and similar is the case with silver.

While placing silver objects in a container of water may purify the water, the dissolved silver is likely to be too minute for use as an antibiotic in case of an infection. There is an urgent need to test silver in its various forms, ionic, elemental and safe compounds for use as antibiotics for various infections, particularly those that are resistant to modern antibiotics such as the super bug, persistent Lyme disease or other infections that call for prolonged antibiotic use with serious side effects. 

Pending such research many individuals based on word of mouth information or information from the internet are using methods that are not well researched and may be effective, ineffective or harmful. This author has similarly devised his own method – that is filling up a silver cup with drinking water, adding the juice of a fresh lime or lemon to it and leaving it overnight for drinking in the morning with or without a sweetener. The exercise is repeated at breakfast time for an evening drink providing an antibiotic drink twice a day whenever needed. He has not attempted ionic/colloidal silver thinking that there might be much commercial hype behind it and it may not necessary for personal domestic use. The lime juice is added in the belief that citric acid present in it shall increase the dissolution rate of silver as silver citrate, yet would not be so much as to become harmful.

The Silver Flask Method
Silver flasks are expensive but it is not money flushed down the toilet. It stays with you as an investment. Moreover you need just one over a life time.

Presently  the author is exploring a more convenient method of using silver as an antibiotic. On my next trip to the silver market in town it is his intention to get a small flask of pure silver with a silver stopper of around a quarter liter capacity. The idea is to fill with clean drinking water to which a tea spoon of citric acid powder has been added and leave it in the fridge. More research is needed to find the best possible amount of citric acid so as to have a positive antibiotic effect while eliminating chances of any adverse effects. The softest available water as from melted snow or distilled water would be best to use here. If and when the need for an antibiotic arises as it has with me from time to time due to a tooth aches or gastro problem common in Asia, I would take a little of this liquid in a glass and dilute it with water so that it is no more sour than the juice of a couple of medium sized lemons diluted in a glass of water, add a sweetener and consume it from two to three times a days for three days. I cannot recommend this method to others yet without research into its effects but would recommend it to sincere researchers not under the influence of the pharma industry to test its efficacy. The water can be changed every quarter. Even for personal use this method can not be depended on yet when the need is acute since it is an untested one.

There is some research on a similar solution of silver citrate in citric acid online with additional references that has pointed out the usefulness as well as adverse effects of this solution but it is the impression of this blogger that the reported downside may be influenced due to sponsorship from the pharma industry. In any case when a serious infection develops the downside of available antibiotics appears to be much greater or at least that is my impression gathered about them although humans have no choice but to resort to them because the silver alternative is not yet fully developed and tested.

It must be noted that citric acid is a natural component of the healthiest of fruits from the beginning of civilization and some sliver citrate is formed whenever such fruits have been consumed in silver vessels from the beginning of royalty, the closest thing to gods on earth when rooted in good as the present Queen of England, Her majesty Queen Elizabeth the second is or her ancestor Queen Victoria was. On the other hand the new antibiotics are synthetic compounds with some known adverse effects and many possible unknown ones that cannot be discovered in a matter of few decades. Alzheimer's disease, strokes and cancers can take near full life times to develop in many cases. Since many modern corporations work on the principle of maximizing profits rather than maximizing alleviation of human suffering, in the opinion of this author and one may draw one's own conclusions. A retiring CEO of the Swiss drug Major Novarotis it seems wanted 78 million dollars in severance package as a share of the profits for his personal pleasure and few humans would not compromise ethical principles when it that sort of a deal. Some reports on silver citrate are here,

http://www.texasnaturalsupply.com/Tinosan-SDC-Natural-Preservative-p/tsnp-pv.htm

Water stored for long with citric acid in a silver flask would be able to draw out more silver in solution than just plain water would. Fresh lemon juice cannot be used here because it does not have a long shelf life and even here if there is any discoloration of water it should be thrown away as should all preserved drinks with that.




A silver ore